Download American influence in Greece, 1917-1929 by Louis P. Cassimatis PDF
By Louis P. Cassimatis
The diplomatic relatives among Greece and the us within the interwar interval have bought scant consciousness from historians, basically due to the non-political and non-military function of the USA in that a part of the area sooner than the second one international warfare. the yankee presence in Greece after 1917, despite the fact that, will be primary to the social and monetary improvement of the Greek kingdom, whereas American impact might finally permeate all degrees of Greek society.Dr. Cassimatis deals the 1st, full-length account of this formative interval within the historical past of Greek-American international relations. the problems setting apart the governments of the U.S. and Greece within the Twenties have been at the same time self-contained and foreign in scope. For Greece, they have been self-contained simply because they concerned recommendations to family difficulties affecting the welfare--indeed, the survival--of the Greek kingdom. across the world, they have been interconnected simply because efforts to lead to their answer contributed to an American entanglement within the Near-East guidelines of significant Britain, France and Italy. hence, American loans, advertisement aggrandizement, the inroads of yankee capital, philanthropy, and cultural kinfolk have been yet elements of a bigger diplomatic environment during which the pursuits of the U.S. got here into clash with the pursuits of the Western ecu powers.
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Additional info for American influence in Greece, 1917-1929
Apparently, fruitful consultations were undertaken, because the newly appointed resident minister to Greece, Charles K. Tuckerman, became active in the efforts to help Cretan refugees and revolutionaries. He served as secretary on a relief committee formed for this purpose. For his humanitarian activities he was decorated by King George I. 3 But if considerations of diplomacy constrained the United States government, there was little to inhibit the activities of American private citizens on behalf of the Cretan people.
For Greece, the problem of Italian aggressiveness was very real for three primary reasons: 1) the geographic proximity of the two countries enhanced the chances for diplomatic confrontation; 2) the participation of Italy in the International Financial Commission 3 gave Rome considerable leverage in Greek financial and political affairs; and 3) the conflicting claims of the two countries in Asia Minor. The latter was the result of contradictory wartime and postwar treaties, as well as the byproduct of the rivalries of France and Great Britain in the area.
An analysis of that development must necessarily be viewed against the interests of the Great Powers. Franco-British Rivalry in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Near East In their attitudes toward the Near East (which, for the purposes of this book, will be defined to include the lands from western Greece to Mesopotamia), Great Britain and France fundamentally were opposed. In both countries, after the First World War, the idea of colonial development for the mutual benefit of the native populations in the underdeveloped lands of the world, on the one hand, and for the administering power, on the other, was practically an article of faith.