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Download American Journalists: Getting the Story (Oxford Profiles) by Donald A. Ritchie PDF

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By Donald A. Ritchie

In 60 essays, this quantity profiles American reporters from colonial occasions to the present--reporters, editors, publishers, photographers, and broadcasters--whose careers mirrored significant advancements of their occupation and within the heritage of the USA. In a speech to Newsweek correspondents in 1963, writer Philip Graham defined journalism as "the first tough draft of history." those newshounds faced and helped to form the dialogue of significant concerns and occasions in American heritage, from the yankee revolution via abolition, westward enlargement, the Civil struggle, the civil rights stream, immigration, and the women's circulate, in addition to significant constitutional matters related to the 1st modification defense of freedom of the click. Biographies of famous reporters, from Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Paine to Walter Cronkite and Rupert Murdoch, seem along a few who can be much less commonly used, equivalent to Elias Boudinot, founding father of the 1st Cherokee language newspaper; Abraham Cahan, editor of the Jewish day-by-day ahead; and Daniel Craig, who within the 1830s used service pigeons to ferry the inside track. different topics contain Margaret eco-friendly Draper, the progressive printer; Claude Barnett, founding father of the linked Negro Press; photojournalist Margaret Bourke-White; conflict correspondent Ernie Pyle; and Allen Neuharth, founding father of united states this day. Illustrations, truth packing containers, and quotations from the topics themselves make this quantity an quintessential reference for college kids of yankee heritage in addition to a desirable learn. reporters profiled contain: Horace Greeley Frederick Douglass Mark Twain Thomas Nast Joseph Pulitzer Nellie Bly William Randolph Hearst Ida Wells-Barnett H. L. Mencken Dorothy Thompson Walter Winchell crimson Smith Edward R. Murrow Walter Cronkite Bernard Shaw Cokie Roberts Manuel de Dios Unanue and lots of extra

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When the government moved, the pro-Federalist Gazette of the United States moved with it. Thomas Jefferson wanted a paper in Philadelphia to counteract editor John Fenno’s aristocratic preferences, and his support for Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton’s financial programs, which called for federal taxes, tariffs, and a central bank to promote an industrial economy. Jefferson had never met Freneau, but James Madison recommended him highly. At first Freneau turned down Jefferson’s request and talked of starting a “country paper” in Monmouth, New Jersey.

One of his poems, “To His Excellency General Washington,” had praised Washington’s “steadfastness in the face of defeat” and his military achievements during the Revolution. But Freneau despised the pomp and formality of Washington’s administration as well as its support for Fenno’s paper: The well-born sort alone, should read the news, No common herds should get behind the scene To view the movements of the state machine: P H I L I P F R E N E AU • 3 9 “To the Freemen of America: A motion for opening the doors of the Senate chamber has again lost by a considerable majority—in defiance of instruction, in defiance of your opinion, in defiance of every principle which gives security to free men.

E L I A S B O U D I N O T • 4 7 Image Not Available Under the editorship of Elias Boudinot, the Cherokee Phoenix appeared in both English and Cherokee. Boudinot wanted to debate the issues dividing the Cherokee Nation, but Chief John Ross wanted the paper to promote unity instead. 4 8 • A M E R I C A N or rewritten from other newspapers, such as the National Intelligencer. “We do not wish to be thought as striving to rival other papers of the day, by exhibiting to the public learning, talents and information, for these we do not profess to possess,” Boudinot wrote modestly in a letter soliciting subscriptions.

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